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Matthew 27:1-66

Matthew 27:1 and 2:

27:1But early (morning) having come-to-pass, all the chief-priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus so-as to put him to-death, .2and having bound they led him away and gave (him) over to Pilate the leader.

After it had become early in the morning on the 13th Nisan (about 6 am, this year it was a Tuesday), all the chief-priests and the elders of the people (the people of Israel collectively, group of people) got together in an assembly to consult, deliberate and receive advice against Jesus for the result and consequence to put Jesus to death (cause him to die). This is the second unjust trial Jesus was subjected to a few hours after the first one which had taken place during the nighttime (Matthew 26:57-68).

When this one was over they tied Jesus and led him away (directed, conducted, conveyed him away from where he was) and handed him over to Pilate the leader (they delivered him alongside, beside, into the power of Pilate). Pilate, a Gentile, was the imperial prefect, procurator, governor of the Roman Emperor over the people in Judea, Samaria and Idumea at that time.

[Reference: Mark 15:1; Luke 3:1, and 22:66-23:1; John 18:28; Acts 13:28. Also see Genesis 3:15; John 8:37-58.]

Verses 3-10:

.3Then Judas, the (person) having given him over, having seen that he was condemned, having been caused-to-repent turned the thirty silver (coins) to the chief-priests and elders .4saying, “I sinned having given-over innocent blood.” But the (chief-priests and elders) said, “What (is it) towards us? You will see!” .5And having tossed the silver (coins) into the interior-temple he departed; and having gone-away he choked. .6But the chief-priests having taken the silver (coins) said, “It is not permitted to throw them into the gift-treasury since it is (the) price of blood.” .7And having taken counsel they bought from them the field of the potter with-a-view-to a burial-grave for the strangers, .8on-which-account that field was called Field of Blood until today. .9Then the-thing was fulfilled having been said by means of Jeremiah the prophet saying, “And they took the thirty silver (coins), the price of the (one) having been priced2 whom they priced from (the) sons of Israel, .10and they gave them into the field of the potter according to-which-things (the) Lord arranged-together with me.”

When Judas, who had given Jesus along into the hands of the Israeli/Judean religious leaders, saw (perceived, knew) that Jesus was condemned (a decision, pronounced sentence, judgment was brought down against him), he was caused to repent (he changed his concern or purpose, he regretted, his mind's purpose pertaining-to what he had done to Jesus changed after he had seen the consequence to Jesus of his action against him). He turned the thirty silver coins, which he had gotten in payment for Jesus, back to the chief-priests and elders saying, “I sinned having given-over innocent blood (I missed the mark, I’ve erred from God’s law in-that I handed over, delivered alongside or beside you a man whose life/living is without the guilt of sin against God, free from any just/right charge or cause for punishment).”

The word “blood” is sometimes used literally as the blood in a fleshy body; it is also used to represent life, soul, natural man and his abilities and descent, the shedding of blood, the guilt and penalty of causing death, murder, the consequences of the loss of physical life, and what is red in color.

Judas said, “I sinned having given-over innocent blood.” But the religious leaders said, “What is it towards us (what relevance or concern is what you now say to/with us, why are you saying that to us)? You will see (emphatically you will see to this yourself, deal with your personal problem yourself, the result of your actions will be presented to be perceived with your eyes and known by you, you will see the consequences of your own actions because what you did and what happens to/with you as a result have nothing to do with us)!”

Then Judas tossed (threw suddenly, hurled, jerked away from himself with a forceful ripping motion) the silver coins into the interior-temple (the innermost-part of God's temple, the most sacred area within the temple in Jerusalem, where the only true God's presence was manifested-forth, called the "Holy of Holies") and he departed (moved up/back, put space between where he was with the religious leaders in the temple and his destination).

The Book of Matthew now lets the reader know that later on in time Judas went away and he choked (strangled himself, as described in Acts 1:15-20, he committed suicide in his own acquired property). If the verb translated “he choked” is taken to be what Judas did to himself at that time while Jesus was being questioned and tortured then it would have the meaning that he choked up with grief, anguish, and other emotions because Judas did not kill himself until after he had seen the resurrected Christ Jesus taken up into heaven about 44 days later (refer to Acts chapter 1).

And Matthew also tells the reader what the chief-priests did with that returned money at a later time. They took the thirty silver coins, which Judas had tossed into the interior-temple before he departed, and they said, “It is not permitted to throw them into the gift-treasury since it is the price of blood (it is not available or possible, according to our laws, to cast these thirty silver coins into the store of items and money received as gifts or offerings to God by the people, into the corban place, as Mark 7:11, since this money is the correct honorable price, the holding-worth of the item, the value of the item which is the life of an injured slave).” In Exodus 21:32, thirty shekels of silver was the price to be paid to the master in recompense for causing injury to his servant/slave. In this case the chief-priests and elders estimated the price of Jesus and they intended to injure him to the point of death by crucifixion shedding his blood; they had given this amount to Judas previously (refer to Matthew 26:15).

So, the chief-priests and elders got together in an assembly to consult, deliberate and receive advice regarding what to do with the thirty silver coins. The result was that they bought (as one who buys and sells in the marketplace) from these coins the potter’s field (it used to belong to the man who made vessels from clay) for the purpose of making that field a place to have graves, a burial ground, a burial site to bury strangers (foreigners, those who would die but would not have family in that area who would take and bury them in their family grave). It was on account that the potter’s field was bought with these thirty silver coins described by the chief-priests and elders as “the price of blood” (blood money) that this field was called “Field of Blood” continuing up until the day that Matthew wrote this record.

When the chief-priests and elders did what they did as described in verses 6 and 7, at that time the matter which had been spoken by definite words being uttered by means of Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled (filled-up, made full, accomplished), saying, “And they took the thirty silver coins, the price of the one having been priced and continuing priced whom they priced from the sons of Israel, and they gave them into the field of the potter according to-which-things the Lord arranged-together with me.” God had previously revealed this information to Jeremiah to speak to Israel so that they would know this – and they took (received) the thirty silver coins (shekels), the holding-worth or value of the person who was valued and he remains valued at this amount, the truth of which has not changed, whom they valued away-from the sons of Israel (Jesus was one of the sons of Israel but their estimation of how much it would cost to separate him away from being part of the sons of Israel was thirty silver coins), and they gave these thirty silver coins for the potter’s field in accordance with the things which the Lord (God) put/set in order in conjunction with me.

[Reference: Leviticus 17:11; Deuteronomy 27:25; II Samuel 17:23; Psalm 94:21; Matthew 26:14 and 15, 27:24 and 25. Note: verbs with a superscript 2 (2) immediately following them indicate the "perfect" tense - details are provided in the "Relevant Notes" link of this study.]

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