Matthew 26:1 and 2:
26:1And it came-to-pass when Jesus completed all these words he said to his learning-disciples, .2“You knew2 that after two days the Passover comes-to-pass, and the son of man is given-over with-a-view to be crucified.”
It came to pass (it became, happened, came into being) that when Jesus completed all these words (brought the words that he spoke to their ending-issue at that time, recorded in Matthew chapters 24 and 25) he said to his learning-disciples (students), “You knew and continue to know (perceive) that after two more days the Passover comes to pass, and the son of man is given-over (I am handed over, given alongside or beside another) for the purpose of being crucified.”
Before we continue with our detailed study, we should understand a few things as follows:
During the old covenant times God instructed the children (sons, descendants) of Israel/Jacob regarding the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread (refer to Exodus chapter 12). Usually the people would bake their bread with a small piece of leaven in it, but from the killing and offering in sacrifice of the Passover lamb and during the whole time of the Feast of Unleavened Bread they were not allowed to put any leaven in the dough to make their bread. All of this was a type (pattern) to God's people at that time that the promised seed would redeem and save them from the sin and its consequences as promised by God initially in Genesis 3:15. Therefore, after the one true and complete sacrifice was made (by the Messiah/Christ giving himself as the sacrifice receiving the right/just consequences of the sin and sins against the only true God), then God's people would no-longer need to offer any other sacrifice because nothing would need to be added-to or taken-away-from them in order to make them acceptable to God. They themselves would not at some future time be permanently killed and burned-up by God’s fire, as their physical sacrifices were when God accepted those physical sacrifices in their place so that they could stay alive. The true and complete Passover sacrifice, which would be offered once by the Christ, would permanently redeem and save them by making them new – as a new loaf of bread having already been raised-up and therefore not in need of any leaven to raise them up. They would at a future time-period be raised-up by the Christ and given new spiritual bodies. Of course, it is only the people who believe what Jesus said and did by their own freedom of will who actually receive the blessing.
“The son of man” refers to Jesus himself and emphasizes that he is the one who is descended from the man whom God created and made and formed as recorded in Genesis chapters 1 and 2, the first man Adam to whom God gave dominion, etc, on/over the earth. However this first man gave it to satan as recorded in Genesis chapter 3. Jesus is the seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15). Today of course Jesus has accomplished redemption and salvation and so he is the resurrected Christ, the second man, having received his spiritual body, the life of which is holy spirit (not soul/breath life). Therefore the title ‘the son of man’ is not relevant to holy-people / Christians because true Christians have the spirit of Christ within them, Christ being the new man, the last man. After all Christians will be gathered together away from the earth, Christ Jesus will come to be present for those who will believe at that time among the nation of Israel and the other nations, the Gentiles, as ‘the son of man’ and he will exercise the authority that he has, his dominion on/over the earth having regained and replaced the first man and all that the first man gave to the devil/satan.
Here in Matthew 26:1 and 2, Jesus being the son of man now knew that he was going to be killed by crucifixion. He knew that he was the true sacrificial offering, the Passover Lamb of God. The Passover was sacrificed on the 14th Nisan and Jesus was talking in the evening of 11th Nisan beginning 12th Nisan at sunset.
[Reference: Matthew 16:21; Mark 14:1(a); Luke 22:1; John 1:29 and 36; I Corinthians 5:7; I Peter 1:19.]
.3Then the chief-priests and the elders of the people were gathered-together into the uncovered-area (of the palace) of the chief-priest, the (one) being said (as) Caiaphas, .4and they counseled-together in order that they may strongly-hold Jesus with deceit and kill (him), but they used-to-say, “Not in the feast in order that a tumult may not come-to-pass among the people.”
The chief/high priests and the elders of the people were assembled into the uncovered-area of the palace belonging to the chief-priest named Caiaphas. There were two uncovered areas; one was inside the outer wall surrounding the palace buildings, between the wall and the buildings is where the stables were; the second one was the inner unroofed courtyard enclosed by the buildings. Both of these had access from the street without going into any of the main palace buildings.
Caiaphas was the chief-priest appointed by the Romans at that time. He was son-in-law to Annas who had been the chief-priest before the Romans deposed him from that position. Even though Caiaphas was the official chief-priest, from the Judeans’ viewpoint Annas was still the chief-priest, and so they had two (refer to Luke 3:2, John 18:13, and Acts 4:6).
These religious leaders counseled together (jointly deliberately determined, purposefully willed, as members of a council together taking counsel from one-another) that their purposed result was that they would strongly-hold Jesus with deceit (exert their forceful strength and hold Jesus using bait or guile to catch him by stratagem or subterfuge) and kill him (kill Jesus, end his life, cause his life to be away-from him). However, they were saying during their plotting, “Not in the feast in order that a tumult may not come-to-pass among the people (we cannot do this during the celebration of eating the Passover and the following feast of Unleavened Bread so that an uproar/clamor would not happen among the people).”
[Reference: Matthew 17:23; Mark 14:1(b) and 2; Luke 22:2. Note: verbs with a superscript 2 (2) immediately following them indicate the "perfect" tense - details are provided in the "Relevant Notes" link of this study.]
A printed paperback book of the complete study of Matthew may be purchased at: