7:1And the Pharisees and some of the scribes gather-together towards him having come from Jerusalem; .2and having seen some of his learning-disciples that with common hands, this is unwashed, they eat the breads - .3for the Pharisees and all the Judeans except they may wash the hands with fist they do not eat, strongly-holding the tradition of the elders, .4and from (the) marketplace except they may baptize-themselves they do not eat, also there are many other-things which they received to strongly-hold, baptisms of cups and pitchers and copper-vessels and beds - .5and the Pharisees and the scribes ask him, "Because-of-what do your learning-disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders? - but with common hands they eat the bread." .6But the (one) said to them, "Beautifully Isaiah prophesied concerning you, the hypocrites, as it was written2, 'This people honor Me with the lips but their heart has far away from Me. .7But futilely they reverence Me teaching teachings (which are) commandments of men.' .8Having left the commandment of God you strongly-hold the tradition of men." .9And he used-to-say to them, "Beautifully you reject the commandment of God in order that you may cause your tradition to-stand, .10for Moses said, 'You must honor your father and your mother', and, 'The (person) speaking-badly-of father or mother must complete (his life) with death.' .11But you say, 'If-ever a man may say to the father or to the mother, 'Corban' " - which is a free-gift - " 'that-which if-ever you may be profited from me,' .12you leave him no-longer to do nothing for the father or for the mother, .13unconfirming the word of God with your tradition which you gave-over; and many like things-of-this-kind you do."
The Pharisees and some of the scribes assemble towards Jesus after they came from Jerusalem (the ‘headquarters’ regarding their teachings, authority, etc, where the temple was located). When they saw (perceived) some of his learning-disciples that with common hands (in the sense of being defiled, ceremonially unlawful and unclean), this is unwashed (the students had not washed their hands before eating), they eat the breads (referring here to any kind of food)...
- for the Pharisees and everyone of the Judeans (referring to those who adhered to religious observance, not to their background)
- except they may wash the hands with fist (if not, unless they would wash the part of their body which needs to be washed; washing one hand at a time including the arm up to the elbow with fist clenched - carefully [some Greek texts vary regarding the word "fist"]) they do not eat,
- strongly-holding (with forceful strength, taking strong hold of)
- the tradition of the elders (traditions are those-things that are given-along or delivered-over from one to another, passing them from one-person to beside or alongside another from generation to generation which eventually come to be considered as an authority, "the way we've always done it", and so these traditions become thought of by people as being "the right-way to do it" - this context refers to the tradition belonging-to and issuing-from the elder-men of these Pharisees and Judeans, referring to those having more knowledge, wisdom, dignity, etc, elders in service, not the literal meaning of being older in age than other people - the tradition of the elders),
- and regarding food taken away from the marketplace (a marketplace was a public-place in the city where people would convene for different reasons, such as trading, business, public speaking, etc, courts or forums were held there from time to time)
- except they may baptize-themselves (if not, unless they would immerse themselves in water) they do not eat,
- also there are a lot of other-things which the Pharisees and Judeans received to strongly-hold (they took what was presented to them beside or alongside themselves regarding various things to take strong hold of those things, with forceful strength),
- such as baptisms (washings in the context of cleaning)
- of cups (drinking vessels) and pitchers (vessels for measuring liquids) and copper-vessels (bronze, brass, or any metal containers) and beds (on which people lie-down [some Greek texts omit "and beds"]) -
...and the Pharisees and the scribes ask him (inquire directly from Jesus to explain a certain topic), "Because-of-what (why, by means of what reason, on what account) do your students not walk (behave or conduct themselves) in accordance with the tradition of the elders? - but on the contrary, with common hands they eat the bread (as verse 2 above)."
But the one whom they were asking (Jesus) said to them, "Beautifully Isaiah prophesied (Isaiah spoke-forth God's words being revealed to him with a manifested decorous, harmonious and acceptable goodness)...
- about you, the hypocrites (people who answer in reply in pretense as if wearing a mask playing a part on a stage, feigning to be what you are not, to be what others think you are or want you to be, who judge from underneath the truth and so deliberately misrepresent yourselves and the truth of God's Word),
- in comparison to how it was written and continues written,
- 'This people (the mass or group of people collectively as one unit, one united assembly; this word usually refers to the descendants of Israel/Jacob)
- honor Me with the lips (esteem Me, God, according to My holding-worth, deeming Me to be worthy of price, estimating value to/for Me, with/by the words coming out through their lips - they are saying honorable things)
- but their heart has far away from Me (the word "heart" literally means: the organ which keeps the fleshy body alive by circulating the blood; but figuratively in this context it means: the center or core of their being, the seat of their whole personal selves and living as one group or body of people having one heart - the center/core of their being holds itself at a distance separated from Me).
- But futilely they reverence Me (uselessly, meaninglessly, in a manner that is empty as to results they treat Me with reverential respect)
- teaching teachings which are commandments of men (instructions, doctrines which are commandments issuing-from men, not from Me - God).'
- Having left the commandment of God (after you sent-away, dismissed, let-go from your concern what God commanded, the result of the action of His commanding, the thing enjoined or commanded by God, God's commandment)
- you strongly-hold the tradition of men."
Also during that past time Jesus said to them...
- "Beautifully you are rejecting the commandment of God (displacing, un-putting, causing to put God's commandment from yourselves)
- for the purpose and result that you would cause your tradition to stand (set your tradition in place, as opposed to causing it to fall or fail),
- for Moses said,
- 'You (singular, individual child) must honor your father and your mother (esteem them according to their holding-worth, estimated value or price from God's viewpoint; the child is to do this through the life of the parents, including when they are old and in need of assistance and maintenance from their child)',
- and, 'The person speaking badly of father or mother (embracing both moral and physical badness in his speaking, of or pertaining to his father or mother - referring in a derogatory manner about them) must complete his life with/by death (he must die).'
- But emphatically you are saying,
- 'If it should happen at any time that a man would say to the father or to the mother, 'Corban (this is a Hebrew word written in the Greek text, and Hebrew was considered the language of the Scriptures because the old covenant was written in Hebrew)' "
- - which is a free-gift (the meaning of Corban is free-gift, emphasizing the fact that the gift is freely given, even though the actual gift is a valuable quality item - a free gift offered or dedicated to God) -
- " 'that-which if-ever you would be profited from me (if it should happen that you, either father or mother, would be benefited, advantaged by receiving what I have from me; what you would be profited is a free-gift that I have already dedicated to God – suggesting that the more proper thing to do with this item or items would be to give it to the treasury in the temple at some future time, which is where people should bring what they offer to God as gifts, these gifts would then benefit those who serve and work in the temple, which at that time included the scribes and Pharisees),'
- you leave him no-longer to do nothing for the father or for the mother (the double negative in this phrase emphasizes the point - you Pharisees and scribes let the child go from your concern as to what he does, you dismiss him and thereby permit him to definitely not anymore perform anything to/for his father or mother),
- unconfirming the word of God (you are invalidating, making unauthentic, depriving of lordly/masterly authority the spoken-account of God, what God commanded as part of the law given to Moses) with/by your tradition which you gave-over (handed over, delivered alongside or beside other people, handed along to people);
- and a lot of like (almost similar) things of this sort you are doing (performing)."
The Pharisees and scribes taught that if a child of his parents dedicated the items (which previously he would have given to his aging parents to support and help them materially and financially) to God making these items a “free-gift” - then that child should not give this “free-gift” to his father or mother but instead since it now belongs to God the child should eventually give these items to the temple. They taught that people could exchange doing what their tradition stipulated in the place of what God said!
[Reference: Exodus 20:12, 21:17; Leviticus 20:9; Deuteronomy 5:16, 27:16; Proverbs 28:24, 30:17; Isaiah 29:13; Matthew 15:1-9; Ephesians 6:2. Note: verbs with a superscript 2 (2) immediately following them indicate the "perfect" tense - details are provided in the "Relevant Notes" link of this study.]
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Mark Chapter 8