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John 1:1-51

The Book of John is one of four books that sets forth the four-fold earthly-life and death and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. John emphasizes the Lord Jesus Christ being God's son, and that he is the fulfillment of the word that God spoke regarding the Christ, which was first recorded in Genesis 3:15.

John wrote this book after the resurrection and ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ into heaven and after the out-pouring of holy spirit on the day of Pentecost (refer to Acts 2). He wrote it by revelation – he received the information of what to write via his holy spirit-life (not from his intellectual memory).

Before we continue with our study, I want to note here that many verbs in the Book of John are in the “imperfect” tense which can be translated with the words "used-to" and the verb. The imperfect tense is frequently used by John to historically describe past events relating what happened, and therefore when this occurs I translate these verbs using the simple past tense in most places for ease of reading. 

John opens this account by summarizing what God did to/for mankind:

John 1:1-5:
1:1In (the) beginning was the word, and the word was towards God, and the word was God - .2this (word) was in (the) beginning towards God;
.3all-things came-to-pass by means of it, and without it not one-thing came-to-pass which came-to-pass2;
.4in it was life, and the life was the light of the men, .5and the light shines-light in the darkness - and the darkness did not take-hold-of it.

Initially there was the spoken account of God's inner thoughts during a past time, historically. It was not at the beginning of the world - but the focus in this phrase is that at the outset, commencement, source, origin, start there was continuing to exist the word of/from God.

In the beginning was God's spoken-account containing individual words constituting what He spoke to/for mankind...

Chronological times relative to mankind began when God put His gracious plan of redemption in motion. That was the day when God first spoke the promise of the coming savior, the Christ (refer to Genesis 3:15), and then God expelled mankind from Paradise that same day (refer to Genesis 3:22-24).

[Reference: Genesis chapter 3; Isaiah 55:11; Hebrews 4:12; I John 1:1 and 5. Also refer to the article Adam and Eve. Note: verbs with a superscript 2 (2) immediately following them indicate the "perfect" tense - details are provided in the "Relevant Notes" link of this study.]

A printed paperback book of the complete study of John may be purchased at:



True Bible Study - John


John Chapter 2