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Second Timothy 1:1-18

This letter (epistle) of Second Timothy is the second of two letters written by Paul, the apostle, to Timothy. He wrote this second letter around late 67 or early 68 A.D. during Paul’s second imprisonment in Rome shortly before his death. This letter may be the last letter that Paul wrote.

II Timothy 1:1 and 2:

1:1Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by means of (the) intention of God according to (the) promise of life, the (life) in Christ Jesus – .2to Timothy, a loved1 child; grace, mercy, peace from God (the) Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

Paul begins this second letter to Timothy in a similar fashion to (not the same as) his first letter, in that he identifies himself to Timothy by name: Paul. Then he identifies himself by 'job-title' or 'work-function' relative-to his working or service relationship with Christ Jesus: apostle. An "apostle" is a person sent-forth or sent-away by someone on a mission or specific assignment to someone else, and in the context we see that Paul was sent-forth by Christ Jesus.

Next he explains that he was Christ Jesus' apostle through God's intention (God’s will, His active volition and desire). The will of God was the action or agency by way of which the initiated progress passed-through in order to reach its accomplishment; it was interposed between the start and the result of him being an apostle of Christ Jesus. Christ Jesus did not apostle him without this being God's will. Paul makes it clear to Timothy, and anyone else that would read this letter afterwards, that he had not decided this all by himself, nor was there some "unknown force" driving him to do the things that he was doing, nor was he deluded into thinking that he was somebody else, nor did he decide that he had reached the level of being "good enough" to be an apostle to his neighbors or to the whole world, nor was there a committee involved in this decision, nor had he "forced" God or Christ Jesus into making him an apostle!

By the time that Paul wrote this letter, Timothy would have been well aware of Paul’s being an apostle, etc, but Paul does not omit these truths when writing – Timothy and all who would read this letter later-on would again be reminded of all that God and the Lord Jesus Christ had asked Paul to carry-out during his lifetime.

Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by means of the intention of God according to the promise of life (in accordance, conformity, and proportion with/to the proclamation, the declaration of the message of God’s intention which is life), emphatically the life in (within the cause and sphere of action, character and attributes of) Christ Jesus.

The life in Christ Jesus refers to holy spirit-life – this includes the life that is now (life at the present time between the day of Pentecost, Acts chapter 2, and the gathering together of all holy-people, I Thessalonians 4:13-17; our life now is the gift of holy spirit that God has given us by means of the Lord Jesus Christ within our current fleshy bodies; this life is the deposit, earnest, token of what we will receive at the time of the gathering together) and the life being about-to come (life that is on the point of coming, eternal life; our life in the future will be holy spirit life within our new bodies, the fullness of what God has promised to give us from the time of our gathering together with our Lord Jesus Christ onwards). [Reference: I Timothy 4:8.]

When Paul writes "Christ Jesus" he is emphasizing the truth that the Lord Jesus Christ is the resurrected, anointed-one of God. The word "Christ" means the "anointed-one" or "Messiah." In the lands and during the time-period of the writing of the Bible, holy oil was poured on the high priest of God to begin his ministry for God, and it was also used to anoint kings. Many people and things were anointed with holy oil to signify their making holy or sanctified for a specific purpose, etc, which can be read about in many scriptures in the Bible (refer to Exodus 30:22-33; Acts 2:36, and 4:27, and 10:38). The resurrected Christ continues doing God's will today.

Paul addressed this letter to Timothy, a loved1 child (a child who is loved with God’s kind of love, beloved, truly you are loved by God Himself and by the Lord Jesus Christ and by myself).

During the time-period of the writing of the Bible the sons within a family helped their father in whatever the family business was, and they continued to do so even after they got married. The son worked with his father in the family interest and did not normally branch off to "do his own thing"! Timothy followed in the footsteps of Paul, as though he were his biological son, in the family interest, which in this case was God's family interest (refer to Philippians 2:22). Here he calls Timothy his “child” – a child born to/from me, which includes the figurative sense of being an affectionate term of endearment.

To Timothy, a loved1 child…

…from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

Timothy and Paul were children of God. God was their Father - spiritually. Here, Paul also gives Christ Jesus his title of "Lord." The word "Lord" refers to a master or an owner, one who has the authority or authoritative-power, the one from whom the directions and instructions are given and who is to be obeyed, the one who has the dominion over and exercises his lordship in relation to that-which his title of "Lord" or "Master" is being associated.

[Reference: Acts 16:1-3; Romans 8:1; I Corinthians 1:1, 4:17; II Corinthians 1:1; Ephesians 3:6; I Timothy 1:2, 4:8.]

A printed paperback book of the complete study of First and Second Timothy and Titus may be purchased at:



True Bible Study - First and Second Timothy and Titus

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