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First Corinthians 6:1-20

Paul continues teaching the Corinthian holy-people (sanctified-people, Christians, saints, children of the only true God) regarding the matter of judging inside of the church of God when certain specific situations arise among them.

I Corinthians 6:1-3:

6:1Does someone of you dare, having a matter towards the different-person, to be judged on the unrighteous-people and not on the holy-people? .2Or, you knew2 that the holy-people judge the world, don’t you? – (yes) – and since the world is judged in you, are you unworthy of (the) least judgments? .3You knew2 that we will judge angels, don't you? – (yes) – indeed-not-something (concerning) everyday-living!

Does any of you holy-people dare (venture), when one of you has some business (deed, action) either already done or about-to-be done towards another one of you, to be judged on the unrighteous people (to have a decision made regarding this matter before, in-the-presence-of the people who are unjust, people who do not have holy spirit-life within them and therefore are not right/just before God in the spirit category, and so you would receive their judged-sentence), and not to have a decision made regarding this matter on the holy-people (your brothers in Christ having the same holy spirit-life)?

You know (perceive), don’t you, that the holy-people judge the world (including its inhabitants)? The Greek construction of this question must receive the answer "yes, we know this." Those who refuse to believe what God says thereby refuse God’s free-gift of holy spirit. The judgment is that they are not children of God and the present world they belong to must come to an end. The world and its inhabitants (excluding holy-people) will receive God's just judgment at a future time (refer to Revelation 20:11-15 and 21:1 and following).

Since you holy-people are the efficient-cause (emanating from the holy spirit within you) that the world is judged, are you unworthy of the least judgments (are you people who are not of equal-value or like-worth of the smallest means or criteria of judgment in places where judgment regarding certain matters would take place, the tribunals or judgment-seats)? The context here is within the church, not outside of the church. In comparison to the world being judged within the sphere of action of all holy-people by means of our holy spirit, the matters which arise within the church of holy-people are the least in size and difficulty. Why? Because the same manner in which the world is judged in all holy-people must be the manner in which decisions are to be made among all the holy-people within the church of God. What is the means or instrument or place in which these judgments are to be made from God's point of view? Within our holy spirit – it does not matter what physical location these judgments take place in.  

Paul is not advocating that every holy-person/Christian must spend his time judging every other holy-person – no, definitely not - because this would contradict what Paul has taught elsewhere. But, the context here is referring to the time when holy-people do not agree on some matter and we need another person to make a decision, to give the judgment regarding this matter, as a court-case, in order to make a just-settlement between the two opposing parties. We are to settle the matter peaceably within the church of God, not going outside to the law-courts of the unrighteous-people (unjust-people in the spirit category). Why would any child of the only true God allow somebody who is not a child of God to judge his everyday-living activities? Doesn't that seem utterly revolting!

Don't you know (perceive) that we, all of us holy-people together, will in the future judge angels? The Greek construction of this question must receive the answer "yes, we know this." We holy-people will make decisions regarding angels after we have been gathered-together by our Lord Jesus Christ.

An angel is a spirit-being whose office and character is one of a messenger in official service via words and/or actions. The word "angel" comes from the Greek word aggello which means to tell or deliver a message and therefore an angel could be called a "messenger." Those angels who have continued to take their instructions from the only true God are also now under the command of the Lord Jesus Christ. But those angels who have refused to take their instructions from God and have instead decided to follow the devil are known as devils (devil-spirits, demons, evil, unclean or unholy spirits). The devil (satan, the snake/serpent, etc) was once one of God's angels, but he rebelled against God wanting to take God's place and he continues attempting to do so. We should also note that the Bible shows us that no human-being was or is or will be a spirit-being angel!

Paul writes: don't you know that we holy-people will judge angels? This kind of judgment indeed is not something which concerns matters or things of everyday living! It definitely is not dealing with matters fitting for this earthly life of mankind at this time because judging angels deals with spiritual matters. Paul did not expect them to make judgments regarding angels at that present time, but he did expect them to make judgments regarding everyday living. The Corinthian holy-people were fully capable of doing this now because they had already been given the ability, the able-power within them: holy spirit-life.

[Reference: Daniel chapter 7; Romans 8:19-25; I Corinthians 5:12; II Peter 2:4, and 3:7; Revelation 3:21, and 19:11-20:15. Note: verbs with a superscript 2 (2) immediately following them indicate the "perfect" tense - details are provided in the "Relevant Notes" link of this study.]

A printed paperback book of the complete study of First Corinthians may be purchased at:



True Bible Study - First Corinthians

The spirit from God

The gift of holy spirit is living inside of all holy-people