2:1And in the fulfillment (of) the day of Pentecost they were all together on the same-place, .2and there became suddenly out-from heaven a sound wholly-as (the) carrying of a violent blowing and it filled the whole house where they were sitting-down, .3and tongues being throughly-distributed were seen by them as-though of fire and it sat-down on each one of them, .4and they were all filled of holy spirit, and they began to utter-forth with different tongues according as the spirit gave to them (the words) to precisely-speak-out.
It is specifically stated what day is being referred to: the day of Pentecost, detailed by writing that it was in the fulfillment (the filling altogether, the complete or whole fullness) of the day of Pentecost, not the day before it nor the day after it. It was the day of Pentecost – exactly ten days after the ascension of the resurrected Christ Jesus into heaven.
Pentecost was an important feast for the children of Israel. The word "Pentecost" is taken from the Greek word meaning "fiftieth" because it was celebrated on the fiftieth day from the day after the weekly sabbath during their Passover/Unleavened-bread feast. Pentecost is sometimes called the "Feast of Harvest" or the "Day of the First-fruits" or the "Feast of Weeks." [Reference: Exodus 23:16, Deuteronomy 16:9-12, Numbers 28:26-31, Leviticus 23:15-22 for further details.]
On this day of Pentecost, the twelve were doing what they had been doing ever since the ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ into heaven - they were all together at the same place, the temple, for this is where they could all (the twelve and the other learning-disciples including the women) be together praying at the appropriate hours of temple-prayer. That day there would have been a lot of people present in the Jerusalem temple because of it being the day of Pentecost, and according to the Law of Moses all the Judean/Israeli adult-males were obligated to attend this feast.
Suddenly (without any warning), there became (came to pass) out from heaven a sound wholly-as the sound of blowing moving forward vehemently (the motion of a blast of wind, a strong breathing, as Acts 17:25). The root of “blowing” also gives us the words “wind” and “breath” and “spirit.” The sound of blowing filled the whole house (the house of God which is the temple) where they were sitting-down praying.
And at the same time, tongues being throughly distributed (fully divided, completely parted, divided up, divided into parts with the different parts being imparted, apportioned among them) were seen by them as-though of fire. These tongues were presented to their eyes to be known by them as if they were fire, and each-distributed-part sat down-on each one of them. The word translated "as-though" is an adverb describing the verb translated "were seen" – they saw the tongues as though they consisted of fire. Fire symbolizes or indicates God's presence and His acceptance and purification of what was happening. It is interesting to note that when Jesus received God's spirit following his water baptism by John, the spirit was seen as if it were a dove (refer to Matthew 3:11-17).
There was to be no mistaking what the twelve heard and what they saw – the time had definitely arrived!
And they were all caused to be filled of (filled up with) holy spirit. This holy (sanctified) spirit is the spirit that God had promised by means of the Lord Jesus Christ! They already had soul/breath life within their physical bodies which made them living beings in the flesh category, but now they had just received holy spirit life which made them living in the spirit category. This is what they were waiting for as Christ Jesus had instructed them just before his ascension into heaven.
What did the twelve do once they were filled of holy spirit? Did they fall down on the floor wriggling, or screaming, or crying, or were they controlled or forced to become unsightly or completely insane? No, no, no!
Let us read what God's Word says:
.4and they were all filled of holy spirit, and they began to utter-forth with different tongues according as the spirit gave to them (the words) to precisely-speak-out.
The Greek word translated "utter-forth" means: to utter sound, voice, speak words - it is used independently of any reason why the words are uttered or what is uttered.
The apostles began to utter-forth with different tongues (different languages other-than their own known languages) according as the spirit, which they had just received, was giving them the words to speak-out. They had seen tongues as-though of fire and so they knew to speak. They spoke what their spirit was continuing to give them to speak. The holy spirit gave to them the clear utterance of words to speak aloud, and the apostles knew to speak with their own physical tongue and mouth and throat in order to express in the physical realm what the spirit within each one of them wanted them to speak.
Let us recap: the apostles were in the temple behaving decently and orderly. Then they heard the sound from heaven wholly-as the carrying of a violent blowing (a strong breathing). Then they saw the tongues being throughly-distributed as-though of fire and it sat on each one of them while they were being filled with holy spirit. Then they began to utter-forth with different tongues according as the holy spirit within them gave to them the words to precisely speak-forth. They did not understand the words they were saying but they knew that they were speaking supernaturally because the spirit within each one of them was what was giving them the words to speak, not their fleshy, intellectual minds. This was supernatural!
The apostles continued to behave decently and orderly. They were NOT shouting antagonistically at one-another, nor were they falling down on the floor in an ugly manner! The spirit did NOT force them to do anything – it was the apostles who chose to speak the words that the spirit gave to them to speak in a decent and orderly manner.
[Reference: Genesis 2:7; Luke 24:49; John 7:38 and 39, 16:7-16, 20:21 and 22; Acts 1:4-8 and14, 17:25, 26:25; I Corinthians 12:7-13; II Timothy 3:16; II Peter 1:21. For more information regarding the manifestation of the spirit, you may read chapters 12 to 14 of my study on I Corinthians. Speaking with tongues is evidence of God’s continuing to fulfill His promise originally made in Genesis 3:15 - you may read my study of Appendix to Romans to get a greater understand of Genesis 3:15 and this promise.]
A printed paperback book of the complete study of Acts of the Apostles may be purchased at: